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UK adults who have overweight or obesity retain their weight over time, which is associated with an increased risk of health complications and death, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health. Researchers at the University of Nottingham investigated the development of body mass index (BMI) over time. The researchers observed a stable increase in BMI scores across four groups of obesity and overweight participants over an average of 10.9 years, with most retaining their degree of obesity long-term.

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Pre-operative opioid use was an independent risk factor for severe complications as well as prolonged length of stay, readmission and reoperation after primary bariatric surgery, according to a study that included more than 56,000 patients. The findings were reported in the paper, 'Preoperative chronic opioid use and its impact on early complications in bariatric surgery: A Swedish nationwide cohort study of 56,183 patients', published in SOARD.

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High levels of concerns about bariatric surgery among primary care physicians seem to be a barrier to refer patients with severe and complex obesity for bariatric surgery, according to a Swedish survey. The outcomes from the survey were featured in the paper, ‘Primary care physicians’ knowledge, attitudes and concerns about bariatric surgery and the association with referral patterns: a Swedish survey study’, published in BMC Endocrine Disorders.

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A systematic review has reported that readmission after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) was 29% at two years and 23.9% at 4.2 years of follow-up, with abdominal pain the most common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits and readmissions. The findings were featured in the paper, 'Long-term Emergency Department Visits and Readmissions After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: a Systematic Review', published in Obesity Surgery,