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obesity

Obesity-related cancers are increasing in young Canadians

The overall rate of new cancer cases is decreasing in men but increasing in women younger than 80 years, and obesity-related cancers are increasing in young people, according to a study on cancer trends in Canada from 1971 to 2015.

Positive outcomes for patients with POMC and LEPR deficiency

Rhythm Pharmaceuticals, a biopharmaceutical company aimed at developing and commercialising therapies for the treatment of rare genetic disorders of obesity, has announced additional data from its two pivotal Phase 3 clinical trials evaluating setmelanotide for the treatment of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) deficiency obesity and leptin receptor (LEPR) deficiency obesity showing the effect of setmelanotide on BMI scores and certain cardiovascular parameters.

Cleveland Clinic calculator estimates ten-year risk of T2DM complications

A new risk calculator developed by Cleveland Clinic researchers can show patients who are struggling with type 2 diabetes and obesity their risks of developing major health complications over the next ten years depending on which course of treatment they choose. The research was presented as one of the Top 10 studies at the ObesityWeek 2019 international conference in Las Vegas.

Patients with obesity have better outcomes than severe patients

A study has found that bariatric surgery improves or resolves diabetes, reduces heart attacks and strokes and produces significant weight loss in patients who are 50 to 70lbs overweight (BMI<35) and that these patients are even more likely to reach a healthy weight, have a higher quality of life and improve or resolve their type 2 diabetes. The findings were presented today by researchers from the University of Michigan (U-M) at the 36th American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) Annual Meeting at ObesityWeek 2019.

Obesity alters structure of lungs causing inflammation

Adipose tissue accumulates in the walls of lungs, altering the normal structure of the airways causing inflammation in the lungs, according to researchers from University of Western Australia. They also reported that the amount of fat present increased in line with increasing BMI.

Obesity contributes to the leading causes of death globally

Obesity is implicated in two thirds of the leading causes of death from non-communicable diseases worldwide and the risk of certain diseases differs for men and women, according to research led by Cecilia Lindgren of the University of Oxford, UK.

Gastric bypass reduces risk of birth defects

Children born to women who underwent gastric bypass surgery before becoming pregnant had a lower risk of major birth defects than children born to women with severe obesity at the start of their pregnancy, according to a matched cohort study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Örebro University, Sweden.

Cancer risk increases for individuals who are overweight before 40

The risk of cancer increases considerably if a person gains weight before the age of 40 with the risk of endometrial cancer increasing by 70 percent, according to an international study, headed by researchers from University of Bergen, Norway.

“Obesity is an established risk factor for several cancers,” said Professor Tone Bjørge, University of Bergen. “In this study, we have focused on the degree, timing and duration of overweight and obesity in relation to cancer risk.”

Abdominoplasty improves quality of life despite risk of complications

Abdominoplasty has a high patient satisfaction and improved the quality of life in patients who are overweight or have obesity despite a substantial risk of complications, according to a study published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

An ‘overwhelming majority’ of overweight/obese patients are happy with the results of abdominoplasty, according to the study by Dr Dennis C Hammond and colleagues of Partners in Plastic Surgery of West Michigan, Grand Rapids.

Strong association between obesity and chronic diarrhoea

In the most comprehensive analysis of the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and bowel habits to date, published in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, a team of physician-researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) found a strong association between obesity and chronic diarrhoea independent of an individual's dietary, lifestyle, psychological factors or medical conditions. The findings could have important implications for how physicians might approach and treat symptoms of diarrhoea in patients with obesity.

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