The long-term risk of cardiovascular events including heart attack, congestive heart failure, stroke and coronary death was reduced by almost threefold for teenagers with type 2 diabetes who underwent bariatric surgery, compared those whose diabetes was only managed medically, according to researchers from Children's Hospital Colorado (Children's Colorado).
The vitamins company Tespo has launched Smile Bariatric, a new division designed to support bariatric surgery patients, as well as a digital health platform to help them manage their nutritional needs. According to the company, the Smile Bariatric Complete is a blend of vitamins and supplements to be used after surgery.
Patients with obesity and the severest form of type 2 diabetes can have their diabetes improved or put into remission by bariatric surgery leading to substantial cost savings for the NHS, according to a large-scale collaborative study between the British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society (BOMSS) and the Population Health Research Institute at St Georges, University of London. The findings, ‘Bariatric surgery for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus requiring insulin: Clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness analyses’, were published in PLOS Medicine.
Brown fat can continue to grow and divide, even after birth, according to researchers at Masonic Medical Research Institute (MMRI), the findings could have major implications for treating obesity as increasing the overall number of these cells to prevent or reduce the onset of obesity. It was previously thought that individuals were born with only a finite number of brown fat cells.
Seven-year outcomes from the SLEEVE vs byPASS (SLEEVEPASS) randomised clinical trial has reported that laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass resulted in greater weight loss than laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy LSG however, the difference was not clinically relevant based on the prespecified equivalence margins. Interestingly, there was no difference in long-term quality of life (QoL) between the procedures, and surgery was associated with significant long-term Disease-specific QoL (DSQoL) improvement, with greater weight loss was associated with better DSQoL.
Harvard Medical School (HMS) researchers have discovered that obesity allows cancer cells to outcompete tumour-killing immune cells in a battle for fuel, findings that could have significant implications for cancer immunotherapy.
An exercise intervention programme after bariatric surgery is an effective strategy to improve bone health, according to researchers from Portugal. Although weight loss surgery is a highly effective treatment for obesity, some studies have shown that it can be detrimental to bone health. The study, ‘The Effect of an Exercise Intervention Program on Bone Health After Bariatric Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial’, published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research suggests that exercise may help address this shortcoming.
A greater obesity duration is associated with worse values for all cardiometabolic disease factors, according to a study by Dr Tom Norris of Loughborough University, UK, and colleagues. The study, 'Duration of obesity exposure between ages 10 and 40 years and its relationship with cardiometabolic disease risk factors: A cohort study', was published in PLoS Medicine.
Both aging and obesity can impair the production of regulatory microRNAs by adipose tissue increasing the risk of developing conditions such as diabetes and dyslipidaemia however, researchers from the University of Campinas's Institute of Biology (IB-UNICAMP) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, have reported that this degenerative process can be reversed by practicing regular aerobic exercise.
Thursday, March 4, 2021, will again mark World Obesity Day, an annual event which draws attention to obesity, the many diseases on which it impacts, and the importance of prevention and treatment.
Individuals, healthcare providers and health organisations will be taking part, including many hospitals, clinics and obesity treatment centres.
In an analysis of women with early breast cancer, Black women had higher rates of obesity and other health conditions that can affect survival, compared with white women. The findings, 'Obesity, comorbidities and treatment selection in Black and White women with early breast cancer', were published in the journal Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society (ACS).
A retrospective study comparing single anastomosis duodeno-ileostomy (SADI-S) and one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB-MGB), as a revisional procedure after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, has reported that comparable outcomes in terms of weight and BMI loss, remission of comorbidities and nutritional deficiency in short-to-medium term follow-up. However, SADI-S seems to cause fewer upper gastrointestinal complications and even looks a good option for patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) post-primary LSG.
Postoperative mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) following bariatric surgery are higher in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) than those without, however, the absolute incidence is low (<1%), according to researchers from Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA.
The American College of Surgeons (ACS) and the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) have partnered with the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) to offer a new verification measure, the Bariatric Surgery Standards for Successful Programs, as part of CMMI’s Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Advanced (BPCI-A) programme. This partnership will offer meaningful quality measures for hospitals participating in the BPCI-A programme.
More than half of adults with type 2 diabetes had long-term remission following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, according to researchers from Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, OR. They reported that greater weight-independent likelihood of diabetes remission after RYGB indicates mechanisms beyond weight loss are contributing to improved beta cell function after the procedure.
Researchers at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School have reported Vitamin D regulates calcium in a section of the intestine that previously was thought not to have played a key role. The findings have important implications on how bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, may disrupt calcium regulation.
Results of standard laboratory tests performed on adult outpatients to provide an overall picture of their health are fairly consistent between those with obesity and their leaner counterparts, investigators from the Medical College of Georgia (MCG), Department of Pathology, have reported.
A cross-sectional analysis of NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) data has found that more than 40% of US adults with overweight and nearly 10% with obesity did not consider themselves to be overweight. This trend has increased over the last two decades and was especially true of non-Hispanic Blacks and persons with low socioeconomic status.
A plant-based diet boosts after-meal burn, leads to weight loss and improves cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight individuals, according to the outcomes from a randomised control trial by researchers with the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine.
Thirty-day morbidity and mortality outcomes after bariatric and metabolic surgery (BMS) during the COVID-19 pandemic are comparable to pre-pandemic levels, according to the findings from the Global 30-day outcomes after bariatric surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic (GENEVA) study.