Researchers studying a group of UK healthcare workers discovered that non-white individuals recovering from COVID-19 displayed higher antibody levels than white individuals, with significantly greater levels observed in Asian individuals.
Patients with obesity who are over the age of 60 can lose an equivalent amount of weight as younger people using only lifestyle changes, according to a study from the University of Warwick and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust, demonstrating that age is no barrier to losing weight.
In a study comparing the impact of a high-protein total diet replacement (HP-TDR) to that of a control diet (CON), a typical North American diet, researchers led by Camila Oliveira, a doctoral student at the University of Alberta, reported that a HP-TDR led to higher total energy expenditure (EE), increased fat oxidation and negative fat balance. These results suggest that a HP-TDR may promote fat loss compared with a conventional isocaloric diet.
A computer tomography (CT) scan can be predictive for the diagnosis of internal herniation (IH), if the mesenteric defect is closed following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), however, the diagnostic accuracy of a CT scan is not useful in a patient with open mesenteric defect, according to researchers from Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden and the Dutch Obesity Clinic West & LUMC, The Hague, The Netherlands. The findings, ‘Internal Herniation Incidence After RYGB and the Predictive Ability of a CT Scan as a Diagnostic Tool’, were published in Obesity Surgery.
Bariatric surgeons in Israel have reported experiencing a variance in their reactions during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to the results from an anonymous web-based questionnaire sent to all active bariatric surgeons (n=63) in Israel that sought to portray the practices and attitudes of Israeli bariatric surgeons in the first phase of the pandemic.
Researchers led by MedUni Vienna have discovered the signalling pathways responsible for the development of a valuable type of adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) in obesity, which prevents lipotoxicity, the process whereby fat molecules are deposited in non-adipose tissues.
Being under 50 years of age does not protect against the dangers of COVID-19 if you are overweight, according to a study from UT Southwestern (UTSW). While all adults who are overweight or have obesity are at greater risk for serious complications from the disease, the link is strongest for those age 50 and under. More than 42 percent of American adults have obesity, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and approximately another 30 percent are overweight.
Researchers from Brazil have developed and validated an accurate predictive model that comprises the sum of five outcome variables to predict success of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) based exclusively on patients’ preoperative characteristics. The findings could be used to prioritise patients with the best indication for the procedure and incorporated in the public health system as a support tool in the decision-making process.
Researchers have discovered a previously unknown way that pancreatic cells decide how much insulin to secrete, which could provide a promising new target to develop drugs for boosting insulin production in people with T2DM. In two papers published in Cell Metabolism, scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and their colleagues point to an overlooked enzyme known as pyruvate kinase as the primary way pancreatic beta cells sense sugar levels and release the appropriate amount of insulin.
Preventing heart attacks and strokes in type 2 diabetes patients managed in primary care should be an urgent priority, according to the study, ‘Half of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at very high cardiovascular risk according to the 2019 ESC/EASD categories: data from a large Mediterranean population’, published on World Diabetes Day in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).