Bariatric surgery reduces cardiovascular disease risk in adolescents

The long-term risk of cardiovascular events including heart attack, congestive heart failure, stroke and coronary death was reduced by almost threefold for teenagers with type 2 diabetes who underwent bariatric surgery, compared those whose diabetes was only managed medically, according to researchers from Children's Hospital Colorado (Children's Colorado).

Tespo launches Smile Bariatric Complete supplement for bariatric patients

The vitamins company Tespo has launched Smile Bariatric, a new division designed to support bariatric surgery patients, as well as a digital health platform to help them manage their nutritional needs. According to the company, the Smile Bariatric Complete is a blend of vitamins and supplements to be used after surgery.

Cost-effective bariatric surgery saves NHS money by putting T2DM into remission

Patients with obesity and the severest form of type 2 diabetes can have their diabetes improved or put into remission by bariatric surgery leading to substantial cost savings for the NHS, according to a large-scale collaborative study between the British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society (BOMSS) and the Population Health Research Institute at St Georges, University of London. The findings, ‘Bariatric surgery for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus requiring insulin: Clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness analyses’, were published in PLOS Medicine.

Brown fat continues to grow and divide after birth

Brown fat can continue to grow and divide, even after birth, according to researchers at Masonic Medical Research Institute (MMRI), the findings could have major implications for treating obesity as increasing the overall number of these cells to prevent or reduce the onset of obesity. It was previously thought that individuals were born with only a finite number of brown fat cells.

Exercise may protect bone health after bariatric surgery

An exercise intervention programme after bariatric surgery is an effective strategy to improve bone health, according to researchers from Portugal. Although weight loss surgery is a highly effective treatment for obesity, some studies have shown that it can be detrimental to bone health. The study, ‘The Effect of an Exercise Intervention Program on Bone Health After Bariatric Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial’, published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research suggests that exercise may help address this shortcoming.

Duration of obesity associated with increased risk of higher risk of cardiometabolic disease

A greater obesity duration is associated with worse values for all cardiometabolic disease factors, according to a study by Dr Tom Norris of Loughborough University, UK, and colleagues. The study, 'Duration of obesity exposure between ages 10 and 40 years and its relationship with cardiometabolic disease risk factors: A cohort study', was published in PLoS Medicine.

Aerobic exercise reverses degenerative process that leads to metabolic diseases

Both aging and obesity can impair the production of regulatory microRNAs by adipose tissue increasing the risk of developing conditions such as diabetes and dyslipidaemia however, researchers from the University of Campinas's Institute of Biology (IB-UNICAMP) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, have reported that this degenerative process can be reversed by practicing regular aerobic exercise.