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lifestyle intervention

Cardiac health improves in post-op morbidly obese patients

Heart function in morbidly obese patients returns to normal after bariatric surgery but not after lifestyle intervention, according to research ‘Effect of weight loss on subclinical myocardial injury: A clinical trial comparing gastric bypass surgery and intensive lifestyle intervention ‘, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. The results suggest that bariatric surgery may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in morbidly obese patients.  Approximately one in five western Europeans is obese, while around 2 to 3% are morbidly obese.

Benefits of post-op lifestyle intervention programme

Patients who undergo a lifestyle intervention programme following bariatric surgery have a greater percentage weight loss (%WL) outcomes were compared with a historical matched control group, as well as improved functional capacity, increased strenuous intensity exercise, increased consumption of fruits and vegetables, reduced consumption of ready meals, and improved “Change in Health” in quality of life (QoL) domain, according to a study by researchers from London, UK.

Gagner: start a mass treatment of bariatric surgery

Bariatric or metabolic surgery should be performed as a mass treatment as a means of treating millions of patients with diabetes and other metabolic disease, according to eminent bariatric surgeon, Professor Michel Gagner, Professor of surgery, Herbert Wertheim School of Medicine, FIU Senior consultant, Hôpital du Sacre Coeur, Montreal.

Two-year outcomes from the Diabetes Surgery Study

Two-year outcomes from the Diabetes Surgery Study have found that although the addition of gastric bypass to lifestyle and medical management in patients with type 2 diabetes improved diabetes control, adverse events and nutritional deficiencies were more frequent in the surgical group of patients.

Lifestyle interventions most cost-effective approach

Behavioural and drug interventions aiming to prevent people with prediabetes progressing to full blown type 2 diabetes are equally effective for both sexes at preventing progression and reducing weight, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis. The research by Dr Anna Glechner, Danube University Krems, Austria, and Dr Jurgen Harreiter, Medical University of Vienna, Austria, and colleagues, was published in Diabetologia.

Losing weight lowers costs for T2DM patients

Overweight individuals with diabetes who lose weight by dieting and increasing their physical activity can reduce their health care costs by an average of more than US$500 per year, according to a study titled 'Impact of an Intensive Lifestyle Intervention on Use and Cost of Medical Services Among Overweight and Obese Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: The Action for Health in Diabetes,' published in the journal Diabetes Care.

Lifestyle interventions reduce mortality in T2DM risk patients

Patients with impaired glucose tolerance randomised to lifestyle interventions had significantly reduced death rates from cardiovascular disease and all-causes compared to those patients randomised to the control arm, the results from a Chinese study have reported.

Lifestyle invention shows long-term weight loss

The eight year outcomes from the Look AHEAD study, the largest US weight-loss study, has reported that intensive lifestyle intervention (diet and exercise alone) can result in long-term weight loss. The findings were published in Obesity, the official journal of The Obesity Society.

Intensive lifestyle intervention struggles to resolve diabetes

Four-year results from the Look AHEAD trial have shown that even intensive lifestyle intervention has only modest and temporary success in combating type 2 diabetes in overweight and obese individuals, with only 11.5% of diabetic individuals experiencing either a partial or complete remission of their symptoms at 12 months, dropping to 7.3% at four years.

Bypass more beneficial than non-surgical treatment

A six-year study assessing the association of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with weight loss, diabetes mellitus and other health risks, has concluded that it is more beneficial than non-surgical treatment.

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