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FINDRISC prediction tool overestimates T2DM risk

The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) questionnaire, used extensively to predict a person's degree of risk for getting type 2 diabetes, does not adequately identify the most vulnerable individuals, according to researchers from Norway.

Metabolic syndrome associated with increased risk of VTE

People with metabolic syndrome are more likely to experience recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE), according to researchers from Indiana University School of Medicine's Department of Emergency Medicine. Patients diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) who also had markers of metabolic syndrome were more likely to experience another VTE event – and as the number of metabolic syndrome conditions that the patients exhibited increased, so too did their likelihood of experiencing VTE recurrence.

RYGB associated with a higher risk of subsequent interventions

Although Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) appears to be slightly more effective than vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) for weight loss and type 2 diabetes remission, it is also associated with a higher risk of subsequent operative and endoscopic interventions, according to a study led by Wake Forest Baptist Health researchers.

Blood lipid profile can predict risk of T2DM better than obesity

Using lipidomics, a technique that measures the composition of blood lipids at a molecular level, and machine learning, researchers at Lund University, Sweden, have identified a blood lipid profile that improves the possibility to assess, several years in advance, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The blood lipid profile can also be linked to a certain diet and degree of physical activity.

Sustained weight loss associated with reduced breast cancer risk

A large study has found that women who lost weight after age 50 and kept it off had a lower risk of breast cancer than women whose weight remained stable, helping answer a vexing question in cancer prevention. The reduction in risk increased with the amount of weight lost and was specific to women not using postmenopausal hormones.

Waist circumference and elevated risk of obesity-related dementia

Waist circumference is a more accurate indicator of abdominal visceral fat level than BMI in the elderly, according to researchers from Korea University Guro Hospital. The study is the first large-scale cohort to examine the association of late-life waist circumference with the incidence of dementia in an older population.

Cleveland Clinic calculator estimates ten-year risk of T2DM complications

A new risk calculator developed by Cleveland Clinic researchers can show patients who are struggling with type 2 diabetes and obesity their risks of developing major health complications over the next ten years depending on which course of treatment they choose. The research was presented as one of the Top 10 studies at the ObesityWeek 2019 international conference in Las Vegas.

Cancer risk increases for individuals who are overweight before 40

The risk of cancer increases considerably if a person gains weight before the age of 40 with the risk of endometrial cancer increasing by 70 percent, according to an international study, headed by researchers from University of Bergen, Norway.

“Obesity is an established risk factor for several cancers,” said Professor Tone Bjørge, University of Bergen. “In this study, we have focused on the degree, timing and duration of overweight and obesity in relation to cancer risk.”

Surgery associated with lower risk of death and heart complications

Researchers from the Cleveland Clinic have found that bariatric and metabolic surgery performed in patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity is associated with a lower risk of death and major adverse cardiovascular events than usual medical care. These patients also lost more weight, had better diabetes control, and used fewer medications for treatment of their diabetes and cardiovascular disease than those undergoing usual medical care.

Excess body fat increases the risk of depression

Carrying ten kilograms of excess body fat increases the risk of depression by seventeen per cent and the more fat, the greater the probability of developing depression, these are the conclusion from a new study by researchers from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.

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