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ESG effective treatment for some obese patients

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is safe and effective way for the treatment obesity and obesity-related comorbidities such as diabetes, high blood pressure and fatty liver, according to a study by NewYork-Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medicine researchers.

Obese Spanish workers take more sick leave than lean colleagues

The outcomes from the ICARIA (Ibermutuamur CArdiovascular RIsk Assessment) Study, designed to analyse cardiovascular risk factors and their impact on sickness absence in the Spanish working population, has reported obese Spanish workers take more sick leave than their healthy weight colleagues.

Weight loss, gut bacteria and magnetic brain stimulation

Non-invasive electromagnetic brain stimulation - called deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) - helps obese people lose weight partly by changing the composition of their gut microbiota, according to results of a study presented at ENDO 2017, the Endocrine Society's 99th annual meeting in Orlando, FL.

Obese people have lower pain threshold

Obese people are more sensitive to pressure pain than those who are not overweight and they are equally susceptible to extremes of hot and cold, according to a study by Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK. The research highlights the differences in pain response between different groups of people. The results could reinforce the argument for weight loss programmes being part of pain management plans for obese people suffering from chronic pain.

Overweight and obese have higher risk of dying early

Being overweight or obese is associated with a higher risk of dying prematurely than being normal weight—and the risk increases with additional pounds, according to a large international collaborative study led by researchers at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health and the University of Cambridge, UK. The findings contradict recent reports that suggest a survival advantage to being overweight - the so-called ‘obesity paradox’.

Losing weight with a high-protein diet can improve sleep

Overweight and obese adults who are losing weight with a high-protein diet are more likely to sleep better, according to researchers from Purdue University. These findings are published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, and was funded by Beef Checkoff, National Pork Board, National Dairy Council, Purdue Ingestive Behavior Research Center and National Institutes of Health.

Review recommends surgery for diabetic BMI<30 patients

According to a systematic review published online at PlosOne, researchers from West China Hospital, Sichuan University and the Chinese Evidence-Based Medicine/Cochrane Center, Chengdu, China, bariatric surgery can improve glycaemic control and weight loss in a very limited range, with doubled surgical complications in drug-refractory T2DM patients with BMI<30.

Obese people’s brains respond differently to food

People who have the most common genetic mutation linked to obesity respond differently to pictures of appetising foods than overweight or obese people who do not have the genetic mutation, according to a study published in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

PTCCO2 monitoring better than PetCO2 for laparoscopic surgery

Transcutaneous carbon dioxide partial pressure (PTCCO2) monitoring provides a better estimate of arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure (PaCO2) than end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (PetCO2) in severe obese patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery, according to a study published online at PlosOne.

No evidence of obesity paradox for overweight type 2 diabetics

Being overweight or obese does not lead to improved survival among patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a large-scale study by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). The researchers refute previous studies that have suggested that, for people with diabetes being overweight or obese could lead to lower mortality for people compared with normal-weight persons, the so-called ‘obesity paradox’.

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