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Bariatric surgery patients at higher risk of death from substance abuse

The death rate from drug- and alcohol-related causes in patients who have had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is nearly triple that of the general public, according to University of Pittsburgh researcher. The study also found that fewer than half of those who died had triggered a safety protocol for problematic substance use. Only one of those who died was known to have received treatment for substance use disorder.

Bariatric surgery reduces the development of colorectal lesions

Bariatric surgery was associated with fewer incidences of new colorectal lesions in patients undergoing bariatric surgery compared with a control group not undergoing bariatric surgery, according to researchers from University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.

Bariatric surgery is cost-effective treatment for patient with T2DM

Performing bariatric surgery in patients with morbid obese with type 2 DM is a cost-effective strategy in Thailand, according to researchers from King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital (KCMH) and Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand. The authors note that although the evidence suggests that bariatric surgery is a successful long-term treatment in patients with morbid obese with type 2 DM, it is an expensive procedure with additional costs possible in the months following surgery. Therefore, they wanted to assess whether bariatric surgery is cost-effective in this group of patients. 

Psycho-social outcomes on bariatric adolescent patients

Dr Torsten Olbers is a professor of surgery and consultant bariatric surgeon at University of Linkoping in Sweden. His national and international reputation stems from combining a busy clinical activity with continuous academic productivity. As a regularly invited lecturer at international conferences, he has contributed to development of bariatric surgery worldwide and highlighted this at the XX Brazilian Congress on Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery.  

Post-op women at greater risk of pregnancy and birth complications

Women who have undergone bariatric surgery appear to be at higher risk of developing complications during pregnancy, and their babies seem more likely to be born prematurely, small for gestational age, have congenital anomalies and be admitted to intensive care, according to a comprehensive assessment of how bariatric surgery affects pregnancy outcomes, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Glasgow, UK.

Rheumatic disorders improved post-op risk of fractures increased

A literature review by researchers looking at the complex relationship between obesity, various rheumatic diseases and bariatric surgery has underscored the need to establish long-term prospective controlled trials evaluate the risk-benefit ratio of bariatric surgery in patients with morbid obesity and rheumatic diseases.

Patient behaviours associated with post-surgery weight regain

In the years following bariatric surgery, a person's overall eating behaviours and the amount of time spent watching television, playing video games and using a computer for recreation are a better indication of long-term weight loss success than specific weight control practices like counting calories, according to findings by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Bariatric surgery improves sexual life experience after five years

Approximately half of women and men who reported pre-surgical dissatisfaction with sexual life experienced post-surgical improvements in satisfaction five years after bariatric surgery, according to researchers in the school of pharmacy at North Dakota State University, Fargo. In addition, a large percentage of patients experienced improvements in the frequency of sexual desire and activity and in physical limitations to sexual activity. Nevertheless, the percentage of participants with improvements in the frequency of sexual desire and activity decreased between one and five years.

Exploring patient experiences during the bariatric surgery journey

A PhD student at Swansea University has begun a study that is exploring patient experiences during their journey through bariatric surgery. Specifically, looking at the patients’ responses to negative emotions prior to surgery and examine whether this information can provide some useful information to understand and improve post-operative outcomes.

Bariatric surgery changes glucose management especially GLP-1

How bariatric surgery helps people with obesity and diabetes is related to changes in the way the gut senses food and nutrients after the operation, according to researchers from the Cambridge University Metabolic Research Laboratories at the Wellcome Trust - MRC Institute of Metabolic Science. They found that following surgery, altered patterns of digestion and absorption lower in the gut trigger production of higher levels of gut hormones, especially glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), which in turn causes higher insulin production.

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