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Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 (LABS-2)

Patient behaviours associated with post-surgery weight regain

In the years following bariatric surgery, a person's overall eating behaviours and the amount of time spent watching television, playing video games and using a computer for recreation are a better indication of long-term weight loss success than specific weight control practices like counting calories, according to findings by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Bariatric surgery improves sexual life experience after five years

Approximately half of women and men who reported pre-surgical dissatisfaction with sexual life experienced post-surgical improvements in satisfaction five years after bariatric surgery, according to researchers in the school of pharmacy at North Dakota State University, Fargo. In addition, a large percentage of patients experienced improvements in the frequency of sexual desire and activity and in physical limitations to sexual activity. Nevertheless, the percentage of participants with improvements in the frequency of sexual desire and activity decreased between one and five years.

Amount of weight regain after surgery can predict health risks

Measuring the percentage of weight regained following the maximum amount of weight lost after bariatric surgery can help predict a patient's risk of several serious health problems, according to a long-term, multi-centre study led by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers. The results also found that while on average study participants achieved maximum weight loss at two years post-surgery, when they reached that milestone the outcomes varied substantially with approximately 20 percent continuing to lose weight more than four years post-surgery.

Alcohol screening tests fail to work in RYGB patients

People who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery are at increased risk for alcohol-related problems and common screening tools that help physicians identify patients at high risk for alcohol use disorder fail to work well in this population, according to a long-term, multi-centre analysis led by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health scientists.

Many fail to follow contraception guidelines after bariatric surgery

Many women do not follow the guidelines to prevent pregnancy for an 18-month period following bariatric surgery, according to researchers examining post-surgery contraceptive practices and conception rates from the University of Pittsburgh. The American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery recommends that women avoid conception for the first year-and-a-half following weight-loss surgery to optimise the likelihood of maternal weight stability during fatal growth.

Post-surgical assessments aid weight loss

Assessing certain weight control practices and eating behaviours after bariatric surgery can significantly influence the amount of weight loss after surgery, according to a study published by researchers from the Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, ND.

Sedentary behaviour associated with poor adult health

Sedentary behaviour is associated with poor cardiovascular health and diabetes in adults with severe obesity, independent of how much exercise they perform, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health-led study showed for the first time.

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