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News about clinical research: trials, studies, case reports, etc.

Artec EVA 3D scanner can detect post-op body shape changes

Utilising the Artec EVA three-dimensional (3D) mobile imaging scanner can provide an objective and reproducible source for the detection of body shape changes after bariatric surgery, according to researchers from RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Aachen, Germany, who recommended its use when evaluating central obesity, especially for research issues and body imaging before and after bariatric surgery.

Lack of exposure to sunlight linked with metabolic health decline

Exposure to light regulates how two kinds of fat cells work together to produce the raw materials that all other cells use for energy and disruptions to this fundamental process appear to have a negative effect on our metabolic health, according to investigators from Cincinnati Children's who were studying how mice control their body temperature.

Abdominal obesity increases risk of recurrent myocardial infarction

Patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction and who carry excess abdominal fat are at increased risk of another heart attack, according to a study led by researchers from the Karolinska Institute, Sweden. Prior studies have shown that abdominal obesity is an important risk factor for having a first heart attack. But until now, the association between abdominal obesity and the risk of a subsequent heart attack or stroke was unknown.

FINDRISC prediction tool overestimates T2DM risk

The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) questionnaire, used extensively to predict a person's degree of risk for getting type 2 diabetes, does not adequately identify the most vulnerable individuals, according to researchers from Norway.

Removing gastric balloons without using endoscopy

Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have potentially found a way to eliminate some of the endoscopic surgeries needed to remove gastrointestinal (GI) medical devices, such as gastric balloons and oesophageal stents. Clinicians use these devices to diagnose, treat and monitor GI disorders, many of which require endoscopic procedures to remove them once they are no longer needed.

The first and only procedureless intragastric balloon for safe and rapid weight-loss

First launched in 2015, over 20,000 Elipse Balloon has now been distributed in +30 countries. The Elipse Balloon, a new category weight loss product, is proven to be an effective, non-surgical weight-loss treatment. Clinical trials have shown that it typically results in 10% to 15% total body weight loss, with an average loss of 10-15kg1-10.

Consumed soybean oil causes genetic changes in the brain

A study by researchers at UC Riverside shows that soybean oil not only leads to obesity and diabetes, but could also affect neurological conditions like autism, Alzheimer's disease, anxiety and depression. Used for fast food frying, added to packaged foods, and fed to livestock, soybean oil is by far the most widely produced and consumed edible oil in the US (Figure 1), according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. In all likelihood, it is not healthy for humans.

Obesity, heart disease, and diabetes may be communicable diseases

Non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, cancer and lung disease are the most common causes of death, accounting for 70 percent of deaths worldwide, and are considered ‘non-communicable’ because they are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors and cannot be transmitted between people.

Overweight or obese BMI range positively associated with steatosis

One in five young people have fatty liver disease (steatosis), with one in 40 having already developed liver scarring (fibrosis), according to a study led by researchers from the researchers from the University of Bristol, UK.

More operations or interventions after gastric bypass than sleeve

A study involving tens of thousands of bariatric surgery patients found that RYGB patients were significantly more likely than sleeve gastrectomy (SG) patients to return to hospital in the years following surgery for an operation or intervention. According to the authors, the study is one of the largest bariatric surgery studies ever done and the first study of its size to focus on health problems years after the procedure.

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