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England and obesity

Report demonstrates 20 year increase in obesity rates

Obesity, overweight and waistlines all increased from 1993-2012
Decline in the number of obese children in reception class

The proportion of adults that were obese between 1993 and 2012 increased from 13.2% to 24.4% among men and from 16.4% to 25.1% among women, according to the latest report from the Health and Social Care Information Centre.

The "Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet: England 2014" report, which presents a range of information on obesity, physical activity and diet, drawn together from a variety of sources for England, also noted that the proportion of adults with a normal BMI decreased between 1993 and 2012 from 41.0% to 32.1% among men and from 49.5% to 40.6% among women.

Moreover, the proportion of adults that were overweight including obese increased between 1993 and 2012 from 57.6% to 66.6% among men and from 48.6% to 57.2% among women; and the proportion of adults with a raised waist circumference increased from 20% to 34% among men and from 26% to 45% among women between 1993 and 2012.

However, there was a decline in the number of obese children in reception class. In 2012/13, the proportion of obese children (9.3%) was lower than in 2011/12 (9.5%) and also lower than in 2006/07 (9.9%) (when data was first published). In Year 6 in 2012/13, the proportion of obese children (18.9%) was lower than in 2011/12 (19.2%) but higher than in 2006/07 (17.5%).

In 2007, the Foresight report estimated that by 2025, 47% of men and 36% of women (aged between 21 and 60) will be obese. By 2050, it is estimated that 60% of males and 50% of females could be obese. More recent modelling suggests that by 2030, 41% to 48% of men and 35% to 43% of women could be obese if trends continue.

This report has seven chapters and include: summaries of government policies, targets and outcome indicators in this area; obesity, physical activity and diet data; and a chapter on the health outcomes of being obese or overweight including information on health risks, hospital admissions and prescription drugs used for treatment of obesity.

In 2012, 67% of men and 55% of women aged 16 and over met the new recommendations for aerobic activity, with 26% of women and 19% of men were classed as inactive. Some 46% of men and 37% of women reported walking of at least moderate intensity for 10 minutes or more on at least one day in the last four weeks.

Whereas, 52% of men and 45% of women had taken part in sports/exercise at least once during the past four weeks.

While overall purchases of fruit and vegetables reduced between 2009 and 2012, consumers spent 8.3% more on fresh and processed vegetables and 11.7% more on fresh and processed fruit.

Total expenditure on household food and non-alcoholic drink rose by 4.3% in 2012 from the previous year and was 8.9% higher than in 2009. There have been significant upward trends in household expenditure on total fats and oils, butter, sugar and preserves, fruit and fruit juice, soft drinks and beverages.

To access the report and find out more about "Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet: England 2014", please click here

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